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    by , 07-20-2016 at 09:09 AM (Chris Musillo on Nurse and Allied Health Immigration)
    by Chris Musillo

    CGFNS has just announced that Jasper Tolarba, DNP, RN, NEA-BC will be their new Director of Credentials Evaluation Services. Dr. Tolarba will manage the operations of the Credentialing Service programs. From their press release:

    Dr. Tolarba will be responsible for managing the operations of the Credentialing Service programs including VisaScreen®, Credentials Evaluation Service and International Consultants of Delaware. Along with CGFNS’ Executive Team, Dr. Tolarba will establish and coordinate the Foreign Educated Professionals Advisory Group, providing a more robust voice on a global scale.

    Dr. Tolarba’s alma mater, Bicol Univerity in Legazpi City, Philippines, also highlighted the appointment. Bicol notes that Dr. Tolarba earned his first bachelors and masters from Bicol and also taught nursing there from 2002-2004, whereupon he moved to Cincinnati and enrolled at Xavier University. He later obtained his Ph.D from Yale University in Connecticut. Bicol also notes that Dr. Tolarba is the first foreign-educated nurse to join CGFNS leadership team.

    Please read the Musillo Unkenholt Healthcare and Immigration Law Blog at and You can also visit us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.
  2. Trump's Mass Expulsion Proposal: Some Historical Precedents, Part 1. Roger Algase

    Update, July 21, 1:26 pm:

    Another indication of the danger that America could turn into a country where, as in ancient Rome and many modern dictatorships, losers in political battles are not only jailed, but executed, see Washington Post, July 21:

    Republican debate: Kill Hillary, or merely jail her?

    (I don't have the link handy right now - please go to

    Just another indication of what Donald Trump and company might have in store, not just for 12 million immigrants who are in this country without authorization, but for America's democracy and the American people.

    Update, July 20, 1:06 pm:

    In addition to mass expulsion of unwanted foreign populations (see below), the ancient Romans, especially in the last days of the Republic (1st century B.C.) and during the Empire. were proficient at another practice that is increasingly being advocated by Donald Trump and his supporters - locking up their political opponents, beginning, but not necessarily ending with Hillary Clinton.

    In ancient Rome, as well as in modern dictatorships, it was and is not uncommon for the loser in an election campaign to wind up in prison (if not with a considerably worse fate).

    Is America in danger of becoming that kind of a country?

    For a frightening Daily Kos report on how fascism (a word with ancient Roman origins dating from the earliest days of the Republic) could very well come to America under a Donald Trump administration that might have no compunction about locking up opponents for political reasons, see:

    My original post follows below:

    Donald Trump's proposal to carry out ethnic cleansing or mass expulsion of an estimated 12 million mainly Mexican and other Latin American immigrants who are currently in the US without legal status is unprecedented in US history in sheer terms of numbers (even though America has engaged in previous mass deportations of Mexican immigrants - and US citizens).

    However, mass expulsion of unwanted foreign populations from a given country, albeit in smaller numbers than the one which Trump is proposing in order to thrill and excite his followers and supporters on white supremacist websites and at the Republican convention, is hardly a new concept in history. This post will be the first in a series which will look at how mass expulsion has been carried out in the past, as well as the probable motivations for it, according to historians.

    I will began with examples from the ancient world, all involving expulsions of the Jews from Rome. The first of these expulsions took place in 139 B.C.

    The ancient writer Valerius Maximus, who was active during the reign of the Emperor Tiberius (14-27 A.D.) writes as follows:

    "During the consulship of Marcus Popillius Laenas and Gnaeus Calpurnius, the praetor for froeigners, Gnaeus Cornelius Hispanus, issued an edict ordering the Chaldaeans to leave the city and Italy within 10 days. The praetor felt that they deceived frivolous and silly people with their dishonest inrepretation of the stars and cultivated a money-making air of obscurity with their lies. The Jews had tried to corrupt Roman values with their cult of Jupiter Sabazius, so the praetor forced them to go back to their home...

    Cornelius Hispanus expelled the Chaldaeans from the ciry and ordered them to leave Italy within ten days to prevent them making money out of their foreign science. The Jews had tried to pass their religion on to Romans, so Hispanus expelled them from the city and demolished their private alters in all public places."



    This site interprets the terms "Chaldeans" (i.e. Mssopotamians, stemming from what was then part of present-day Iraq), as referring in the above passage to more secular or assimilated Jews, while "Jews" refers to religious, more traditional ones.

    The above website also explains that Valerius Maximus most likely confused Jewish worship of Yahweh with the cult of Sabazius (Dionysus), a mistake often made by early Roman writers according to the same site.

    The same site also suggests that antipathy toward the Jews (in contrast to a larger group of immigrants, Syrians, who were not expelled from Rome), may have been related to the visit to Rome of envoys of the great Jewish independence fighter Simon Maccabee three years earlier, in 142 B. C.

    Based on this assumption, one could speculate that Jewish immigrants might have been perceived as a "security" threat in Rome of that period, just as, ironically, Syrians, who were not deported from ancient Rome, are perceived to be in America today, more than 2,100 years later, by Donald Trump and his Islamophobic supporters.

    Two other points in the above quoted passage are worthy of note. First is the charge that the Jews had allegedly tried to "corrupt Roman values",

    How often do we hear today that members of immigrant groups which are being targeted by Donald Trump, such as Muslims and Mexicans, are unable to adopt or assimilate to "American values" (a charge which also a familiar one in the history of American immigration for being made so often against other immigrant groups such as Irish, Asians, Italians, Middle Easterners, Eastern Europeans and, last but not least, Jews).

    Another statement of Valerius Maximus in the above passage worth noting is that, allegedly:

    "The Jews had tried to pass their religion on to Romans."

    Does anyone notice a certain parallel to the current hysteria by some of Trump's supporters over the fantasy that Muslim immigrants might try to impose "Sharia Law" on the United States?

    The next part of this series will look at some of the statements that Ovid, one of the greatest poets of all time in any country or civilization and the author of the incomparably beautiful, immortal work Metamorphoses, had to say about the Jews, which also reflected Roman attitudes toward Jewish immigrants around the same time as Valerius Maximus, with whom Ovid was roughly a contemporary.

    Ovid, ironically, was also expelled from Rome even though he was a native-born Roman citizen - by Tiberius' predecessor, Emperor Augustus, for what Ovid referred to as carmen et errorr (a poem - no doubt one of the erotic verses that Ovid is still famous for 2,000 years later - and a "mistake" the exact nature of which historians are still not clear about).

    Ovid's own exile, so far as is known, had nothing whatsoever to do with any writings about the Jews, which, as will be explained, appear to reflect negative Roman stereotypes toward the Jews that were current in his time.

    But in his heartbreaking series Tristia and many other exile poems, Ovid wrote eloquently about the sufferings and hardship of being deported in words that even today give at least some sense of what Donald Trump has in store for 12 million minority immigrants and their families in America.

    To be continued in Part 2.
    Roger Algase is a New York immigration lawyer and a graduate of Harvard College and Harvard Law School. For more than 35 years, beginning in 1978 (A.D.), he has been helping mainly skilled and professional immigrants obtain work visas and green cards. Roger's email address is

    Updated 07-21-2016 at 01:27 PM by ImmigrationLawBlogs

  3. New York Times Editorial Board on Family Detention Centers

    by , 07-19-2016 at 03:06 PM (Matthew Kolken on Deportation And Removal)
    From the New York Times Editorial Board, published on July 18, 2016:

    "The family detention centers the Obama administration has been operating in Texas and Pennsylvania have been an expedient way to handle the soaring numbers of Central Americans, many of them young children, who have arrived at the Southern border since 2014. They give a sense that Homeland Security has the border situation under control, and they supposedly send a message to other would-be refugees not to come.

    But these privately run, unlicensed lockups are no place for children. Or mothers. Their existence belies President Obama’s oft-professed concern for the humane treatment of people fleeing crime and violence in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador."

    Click here to read the entire article.

    Updated 07-19-2016 at 04:07 PM by MKolken

  4. Roscoe's Big Mistakes

    By Bruce Buchanan, Sebelist Buchanan Law

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    OCAHO issued another recent decision in U.S. v. East Coast Foods, Inc. d/b/a Roscoe’s House of Chicken N Waffles, 12 OCAHO no. 1281 (2016), wherein it reduced ICE’s proposed penalty of $38,708 to $18,350 for a variety of reasons.

    As it sounds, Roscoe’s is a small restaurant in California which got served with a Notice of Inspection on June 19, 2013. By July 29, ICE served Roscoe’s with a Notice of Discrepancies for two employees. Roscoe’s resolved those situations.

    At this point, ICE served Roscoe’s with a Notice of Intent to Fine (NIF) alleging in Count I - 31 violations of failing to ensure employees properly completed Section I, Count II – one instance where the employee failed to properly complete Section 2, and Count III – failure to prepare and/or present I-9 forms for four employees. ICE sought a penalty of $38,709 based upon a baseline penalty of $935, which was enhanced by 5% each for the seriousness of the violations, its lack of good faith and employment of unauthorized workers.

    However, it refused to mitigate the fine for being a small business even though it qualified as such with 60 employees. The enhancement for unauthorized workers was mystifying because ICE failed to allege the employment of any unauthorized workers.

    Of the 31 violations in Count I, the employees failed to check an immigration status box – a blatant violation. In Count II, the employer only recorded a List C document and failed to record an accompanying List B document. Concerning Count III, all parties agreed no I-9 forms were presented for four employees.

    Concerning the five aggravating / mitigating factors, OCAHO awarded a 5% reduction for Roscoe’s being a small business. On lack of good faith, it is well-known case law that a company’s poor rate of compliance does not equal bad faith. Thus, OCAHO declined to aggravate the penalty by 5% due to bad faith. OCAHO agreed the violations were serious; thus, the 5% enhancement.

    Overall, OCAHO believed a lower fine was appropriate and assessed the penalties accordingly – Count I - $500 each x 31 = $15,500; Count II - $450 for 1 violation; and Count III - $600 each x 4 = $2,400. Thus, OCAHO assessed a penalty of $18,350.
  5. Letters of the Week: July 18 - July 22

    Please email your letters to or post them directly as a comment below.
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