From USCIS website, updated on August 15, 2012:
What steps will USCIS and ICE take if I engage in fraud through the new process?
If you knowingly make a misrepresentation, or knowingly fail to disclose facts, in an effort to have your case deferred or obtain work authorization through this new process, you will be treated as an immigration enforcement priority to the fullest extent permitted by law, and be subject to criminal prosecution and/or removal from the United States.
I am VERY concerned that this deferred action initiative is a ticking time bomb for many people.
The people who are claiming that this is a simple straight forward process simply do not understand the complexities of immigration law. This process is so much more than simply filling out a form.
I see issues relating to the admission of fraudulent use of a social security number, as well as potential false claims to United States citizenship on I-9 attestation forms that very well may result in the institution of removal proceedings, and deportation with no waiver available.
It is patently irresponsible for politicians to be stating that there is no need for an immigration lawyer in these applications. The one thing I can say with absolute certainty is that you are going to need an immigration lawyer the moment this administration determines you are an enforcement priority.