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Jason Dzubow on Political Asylum

Thanksgiving: The Refugee Holiday

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They say that if you have a hammer, every problem is a nail.* In the
same way, if you have an asylum blog, every holiday involves asylum.*
Last*Christmas,
I wrote about how Jesus, Mary and Joseph were asylum seekers.* Today, I
thought I'd discuss Thanksgiving and refugees.* Maybe next time, I will
explain why Arbor Day is an asylum holiday.*

The connection between refugees and Thanksgiving is probably pretty obvious.*



Starting
in the late 16th century, a group of Separatists who objected to
certain practices of the Church of England faced persecution from
ecclesiastic and state authorities.* These people were later called Pilgrims.* As a result of their tenuous situation in England, they migrated to the Netherlands in the first decade of the 17th century.

The Pilgrims were not thrilled with the libertine atmosphere on the
Continent, and so they returned to England and then sailed to North
America in 1620.* If they were seeking refuge today, the Pilgrim's
return to England (re-availing themselves of the protection of the
English government) might very well disqualify them for asylum.* Also,
the fact that they were firmly resettled in the Netherlands, and then
chose to up and move to America might also disqualify them for asylum.

In any case, after a difficult 65-day journey on the Mayflower, the Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth Rock in November 1620.* That winter was particularly hard, and about 50% of the new settlers died.

Things improved the following year with a good harvest (and with the
help of local Indians), and the Pilgrims decided to celebrate-this would
be the first Thanksgiving dinner.* Attending the dinner were 53 Pilgrims and 90 Native Americans from the Wampanoag tribe.* The celebration lasted for three days.

After the first Thanksgiving, various public leaders and church
officials would declare thanksgiving holidays, but there was no set date
for the festival.* Finally in 1789, George Washington proclaimed the
first nation-wide thanksgiving celebration, but the holiday was still
not regularized.*

In 1863, during the height of the Civil War, President Lincoln
declared that Thanksgiving would be celebrated on the last Thursday in
November (and here I must mention Sarah Joseph Hale, a tireless crusader who helped make Thanksgiving a national holiday (and who wrote the nursery rhyme Mary Had a Little Lamb)).

In 1941, Franklin Roosevelt signed a bill making Thanksgiving the
fourth Thursday in November.* Thus, the holiday achieved its present
form.

I've noticed that many new immigrants to the U.S. celebrate
Thanksgiving.* Because it is a holiday for giving thanks and for success
in the New World, it is perhaps the quintessential immigrant holiday.*
And while some have criticized the holiday as glossing over the effect
of colonialism on native peoples (including the Wampanoag), the first
Thanksgiving was a moment when two very different cultures encountered
each other and dined together in peace.* This, to me, is the true spirit
of the holiday.* Happy Thanksgiving.*

Originally posted on the Asylumist: www.Asylumist.com.

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Updated 07-16-2013 at 01:57 PM by JDzubow

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