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Matthew Kolken on Deportation And Removal

Latino Population Growth Has Slowed Since Onset of Great Recession

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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Media contact: Molly Rohal, 202-419-4372, mrohal@pewresearch.org

U.S. Latino Population Growth and Dispersion Has Slowed Since Onset of the Great Recession
South still leads nation in growth overall, but three counties in North Dakota top list of fastest-growing

WASHINGTON, D.C. (Sept. 8, 2016) – The nation’s Latino population has long been characterized by its rapid growth and by its wide dispersion to parts of the country that traditionally have had few Latinos. But a new Pew Research Center analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data finds that the growth and dispersion of the U.S. Latino population has slowed since 2007, when the Great Recession started, immigration from Latin America cooled and Latino fertility rates began to fall.

Between 2007 and 2014, the U.S. Hispanic population grew annually on average by 2.8%. This was down from a 4.4% growth rate between 2000 and 2007 and down from 5.8% annually in the 1990s. As a result, the Hispanic population, once the nation’s fastest growing, has now slipped behind Asians, whose population grew at an average annual rate of 3.4% from 2007 to 2014. Despite their slowing population growth, Latinos still accounted for more than half (52%) of the nation’s population growth between 2007 and 2014.

Hispanic population dispersion, while continuing, has also slowed since 2007. Between 2007 and 2014, the share of U.S. counties with at least 1,000 Hispanics rose 4 percentage points (from 46% to 50%), down from the 8 percentage point gain between 2000 and 2007.

The new Pew Research Center report examines the U.S. Hispanic population by county, state and metropolitan area. Among the findings:

Counties:

  • North Dakota was home to the top three counties with the highest Hispanic population growth rates between 2007 and 2014 (among counties with at least 1,000 Hispanics in 2014). Williams County, Stark County and Ward County have all seen their Hispanic populations more than double, though from a small base.
  • Only three of the 10 fastest-growing county Hispanic populations from 2007 to 2014 were in southern states. By contrast, from 2000 to 2007, eight of the 10 fastest-growing Hispanic counties were in the southern states of Georgia (3), Mississippi (1), North Carolina (1), Tennessee (1) or Virginia (2).
  • Latinos account for more than half of the population growth in 41% of U.S. counties with at least 1,000 Latinos in 2014. About a third of these counties were located along the Southwest Border and about half are in non-metropolitan areas.
  • The nation’s Hispanic population is not growing everywhere. Between 2007 and 2014, the Hispanic population declined in 38 counties with at least 1,000 Hispanics in 2014, most of which were located in Colorado, New Mexico and Texas.


States:


  • California has the largest Hispanic population (15 million) – accounting for 27% of the nation’s Hispanic population – followed by Texas (10.4 million), Florida (4.8 million), New York (3.7 million) and Illinois (2.2 million). Together, these five states hold 65% of all Hispanics.
  • New Mexico leads the states for the share of the state population that is Hispanic (48%). California (39%), Texas (39%), Arizona (31%) and Nevada (28%) round out the top five.
  • North Dakota had the fastest growing Hispanic population between 2007 and 2014.Kentucky, Louisiana, Delaware and Maryland constitute the rest of the top five.
  • In most areas, U.S.-born Hispanics outnumber foreign-born Hispanics. There are two exceptions: the District of Columbia and Maryland.


Metropolitan areas:


  • In 2014, more than half of U.S. Hispanics resided in the 15 largest metropolitan areas by Hispanic population. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, California, topped the list with 6 million Hispanics – more than the Hispanic population in all but two states, California and Texas.
  • Among the 15 largest metropolitan areas by Hispanic population, only two are majority foreign born: Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Florida, and the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Virginia-Maryland-West Virginia metropolitan area.

Read the report: http://www.pewhispanic.org/2016/09/08/latino-population-growth-and-dispersion-has-slowed-since-the-onset-of-the-great-recession

Explore the data in our interactive maps and fact sheets:




For more information or to arrange an interview, please contact Molly Rohal at
mrohal@pewresearch.org or 202-419-4372.

Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. It does not take policy positions. The Center is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts, its primary funder. Subscribe to our daily and weekly email newsletters or follow us on ourFact Tank blog.

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