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Matthew Kolken on Deportation And Removal

Overall Number of Unauthorized Immigrants Holds Steady Since 2009

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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Media contact: Brian Mahl, 202-419-4372, bmahl@pewresearch.org

Overall Number of U.S. Unauthorized Immigrants Holds Steady Since 2009
Decline in share from Mexico mostly offset by growth from Asia, Central America and sub-Saharan Africa

WASHINGTON, D.C. (Sept. 20, 2016) – The U.S. unauthorized immigrant population – 11.1 million in 2014 – has stabilized since the end of the Great Recession, as the number from Mexico declined but the total from other regions of the world increased, according to new Pew Research Center estimates based on government data.

Mexicans remain the majority of the nation’s unauthorized immigrant population, but their estimated number – 5.8 million in 2014 – has declined by about half a million people since 2009. Meanwhile, the number of unauthorized immigrants from all other nations – mainly those from Asia and Central America – grew by 325,000 since 2009, to 5.3 million in 2014. The decline in unauthorized immigrants from some parts of the world, mainly Mexico, was roughly balanced by an increase in unauthorized immigrants from other parts of the world, so the total U.S. unauthorized immigrant population had no statistically significant change from 2009 to 2014.

Most states saw no statistically significant change in the size of their unauthorized immigrant populations from 2009 to 2014. In the seven states where the unauthorized immigrant population declined – Alabama, California, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Nevada and South Carolina – falling numbers of unauthorized Mexican immigrants were the key factor. Meanwhile, among the six states that had increases in their unauthorized immigrant populations, only one – Louisiana – could trace this to a rise in the number of unauthorized immigrants from Mexico. The other states with increases were Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Washington.

As the U.S. unauthorized immigrant population has stabilized, it also has become more settled. In 2014, two-thirds of unauthorized immigrant adults (66%) had lived in the U.S. for 10 years or more, compared with 41% in 2005. An estimated 14% of unauthorized immigrant adults had lived in the U.S. for less than five years in 2014, compared with 31% in 2005. Overall, unauthorized immigrant adults in 2014 had lived in the U.S. for a median of 13.6 years. In 2009, the median had been 10 years, compared with eight years in 2005.

Among the report's findings:


  • Unauthorized immigrants accounted for 3.5% of the overall U.S. population and 26% of the nation’s 43.6 million foreign-born residents in 2014.
  • The country of birth that saw the greatest increase in unauthorized immigrants since 2009 is India – with a rise of about 130,000, for a total of 500,000 in 2014. Overall, the top five birth countries of unauthorized immigrants are Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, India and Honduras.
  • In 2014, 59% of unauthorized immigrants lived in just six states – California, Texas, Florida, New York, New Jersey and Illinois. More than a third (36%) lived in California and Texas combined.
  • The states with the highest shares of unauthorized immigrants in their overall populations in 2014 were Nevada (7%) and California (6%).


Read the report: http://www.pewhispanic.org/2016/09/20/overall-number-of-u-s-unauthorized-immigrants-holds-steady-since-2009

For more information or to arrange an interview, please contact Brian Mahl atbmahl@pewresearch.org or 202-419-4372.

Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. It does not take policy positions. The Center is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts, its primary funder. Subscribe to our daily and weekly email newsletters or follow us on our Fact Tank blog.

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Comments

  1. ImmigrationLawBlogs's Avatar
    Matt, have you looked at PEW's methods for calculating these estimates? In a word, they are "unreliable." Trump is right that no one knows how many undocumented aliens there are in the country. Think about it. Why would someone here unlawfully participate in a government survey of any kind? Most of them really are in the shadows. They are hiding from government officials.

    Another unreliable figure is the number of aliens entering illegally. CBP bases their calculations on apprehensions. How smart do you have to be to know that CBP doesn't apprehend every alien who enters without inspection. And how would anyone know how many aliens are successful in avoiding apprehension?

    It's one thing for DHS to spout these worthless figures. They have reason to cover up the truth. What I don't understand is why you are doing it.
  2. ImmigrationLawBlogs's Avatar
    DHS information is worthless and Trump's statements are reliable? Which "reliable" statements by Trump are you referring to, Nolan?


    That "thousands of Muslims" in New Jersey cheered the 9/11 attacks?


    That Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton were co-founders and MVP's of ISIS?

    That Barack Obama was born in Kenya (as Trump vigorously and loudly maintained for many years and is now falsely trying to blame Hillary Clinton! for promulgating)?

    That Vladimir Putin, Kim Jong Un and Saddam Hussein may all have or have had had at least a few good points?

    That America is "flooded" with Syrian refugees (which The Guardian estimates at four thousandths of one percent of our population, based on the number of 10,000)? That most Mexican immigrants are "criminals" and "rapists"? That Muslim immigrants "hate America"?

    That Hillary Clinton supports "open borders" and is either responsible for letting or would like to let terrorists into this country?

    I will not give a full list of Trump's lies here; that might take me all day, but Immigration Daily has given at least a small sample in its September 20 editorial: Liar Trump.

    Go back and read the list, Nolan: Can you show that any of the 14 Trump statements that ID lists in the editorial were true? Or that Trump didn't really make those statements?

    If Trump's "facts" are reliable or authoritative and the DHS ones are not, then welcome to the world of George Orwell.

    Roger Algase
    Attorney at Law
    Updated 09-22-2016 at 08:11 AM by ImmigrationLawBlogs
  3. ImmigrationLawBlogs's Avatar
    Quote Originally Posted by ImmigrationLawBlogs
    DHS information is worthless and Trump's statements are reliable? Which "reliable" statements by Trump are you referring to, Nolan?
    Roger Algase
    Attorney at Law
    When did I say we can rely on Trump's factual assertions? Or Hillary's? Or yours for that matter? I don't rely on the factual assertions of any politician or rabid politician hater. But that's not what my comment is about. Look at it again. I would like your reaction to my skepticism about statistics on the population of undocumented aliens and the number of illegal crossings.
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